Different Strokes for Different Folks – The Best Way to Determine What Kind of Freight Truck You Need
Choice – By definition is “an act of selecting or making a decision when faced with two or more possibilities”. And by choice, man has continuously fought his way even through the most difficult barricade life throws his way. The recent destruction brought about by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma have been critical in the flight of the human spirit in the United States, specifically in the areas of Florida and Texas. With the economy suffering a 33,000 job lost in the month of September, this a brought a dip of 4.2 percent in the total unemployment rate of the country.
Even through these recent tragedies, a slow yet steady push of recovery is continuously on going in the affected areas. And one of the critical aspect in this road to recovery is the transport of freight intended for the affected areas. With the current demands of various goods and supplies needed, it is quite confusing which type of freight shipping you would need to utilize for these specific instances. In these regards, here’s a walkthrough on how to determine the kind of freight truck you need to use in various situations.
Parcel or Freight?
For smaller items that requires faster delivery time, parcels are lightweight, small, and individually handled by carriers like UPS, FedEx, and the US Postal Service. These parcels can be dropped off by individual shippers at their own convenience is different locations, with the shipping price determined via actual weight or dimensional weight. Daily pickups are usually arranged with these commercial shippers. The limit size on these parcels are up to 165 inches in length and girth combined, or 150 lbs. in weight respectively. Any shipment above these limits are considered freight shipment.
Less than Truck Load (LTL)
As the name denotes, this type of freight shipment does not fully occupy the truck trailer. The standard sized freight trailer nowadays are about 12.5’ – 13.5’ I height, 8 – 8.5’ in width, and 40’ – 53’ in length. These specs enables a standard carrier to load various LTL shipments via a single truck and attend to a number of customer and their shipping destination. A typical example of LTL freight carriers are FedEx Freight, YRC Freight, and many more.
This type of shipment does not fully fill an entire container, but still remains on a singular truck much like a full truckload. This results in far less handling that Less Than Truckload shipping. A standard partial truckload shipment borderlines between Less Than Truckload shipment and Full Truckload shipment in weight and size. The main difference of Less Than Truckload (LTL) and Partial Truckload is its way of transport in lieu of its weight and size.
Full Truckload (FTL)
A Full Truckload freight means that the trailer is solely occupied by the shipment. This classification includes point to point shipments that have large weight or volume. The weight limit of a shipment is directly proportional to the weight of a vehicle which is also defined by local laws, but a standard measurement is about 34,000 to 45,000 lbs. in the United States. These shipments are usually transported using flatbed, dry van, or refrigerated trailers.
5 Trailer Types for Truck Freight
This is the type of freight to go for if you are shipping items that requires constant regulated temperature especially if you are shipping through hot areas. A secondary fuel supply powers these refrigerated trailers which is mounted with a large capacity climate monitoring unit. For zoned temperature, you have the option to partition these trailers. The common contents of these trailer types are medical supplies, chemicals, or perishable food items.
These are covered trailers that have a flat deck. Dry van trailer is one of the most popular choice of trailer shipment across the United States. The load is covered by the box which helps secure it during travel as well as protect it from the elements. These are advisable if you are transporting fragile freights that are needed to be properly crated and secured in the container, or if you are shipping over areas that are currently experiencing extreme weather conditions such as heavy rain or typhoon.
This type of freight constitutes any shipment which is loaded over a flatbed trailer. The loads over flatbed freight are needed to be secured by the driver, and this type also leaves the shipment vulnerable to elements. The advantage of this shipment type is its capacity to handle big loads, such as trailer houses and large generators because of its open nature. Loading shipment over flatbeds also tends to be much faster since cranes can be used in lieu of a forklift, and can also be loaded from both sides which is an advantage for full width loads. This is the trailer type to go for if you are shipping industrial sized shipments.
If your shipment exceeds the standard weight limit of legal size for a particular route (any load taller than 13’6” or wider than 8’6” in most US states), then the oversized freight is for you. Also, loads which are excessively heavy of long falls into this category. Various factors that determines the regulations for this freight type depends on the state, bridges, and roadways. Because of this, one must carefully plan and give attention to details on each specific route. Additional precautions are taken by adding one of more pilot cars than serves as warning to motorists, clear the roads of obstacles, as well as to ensure the safety of the route.
This type of load is very much like to that of a flatbed load. The main difference of a lowboy trailer is its lower deck height which is intended to lower the total load height to avoid the restrictions of oversized loads. This effectively allows shipment transport minus the extra cost and eliminating safety issues brought about by oversized loads as well.
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